Difference between revisions of "Introduction to Linux in HPC/Linux Directory Structure"

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Introduction to Linux in HPC/Linux Directory Structure
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This part of the tutorial introduces the directory structure on a Linux system and shows how to navigate in it. It explains how a path looks like in Linux, which standard directory structure is shared by most systems and how to navigate from one directory to another.
  
 
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Revision as of 13:17, 26 November 2020

Tutorial
Title: Introduction to Linux in HPC
Provider: HPC.NRW

Contact: tutorials@hpc.nrw
Type: Multi-part video
Topic Area: HPC Platforms
License: CC-BY-SA
Syllabus

1. Background and History
2. The Command Line
3. Linux Directory Structure
4. Files
5. Text display and search
6. Users and permissions
7. Processes
8. The vim text editor
9. Shell scripting
10. Environment variables
11. System configuration
12. SSH Connections
13. SSH: Graphics and File Transfer
14. Various tips

This part of the tutorial introduces the directory structure on a Linux system and shows how to navigate in it. It explains how a path looks like in Linux, which standard directory structure is shared by most systems and how to navigate from one directory to another.

Video

( Slides as pdf)

Quiz

1. Which one is the top directory in Linux?

/
/home
C:\


2. The command cd without arguments : if you start in var/log/ and run cd with no arguments, what do you expect will happen?

Nothing it stays in /var/log/
It goes to your home directory
It goes to the filesystem root
The shell stops having a working directory
It’s an error
The shell prompt turns into a shark and eats you


Warning:  no undo and make sure what you want to do (page 48)


Exercises in Terminal (slide 49)

1. Go to a specific subfolder of a folder (example: cd Documents/courses/ ) and get back to the home directory using cd command. List 3 different ways to do it using one command. check after every action your path with pwd command.
2. Go to the directory /tmp and jump between /tmp and your home directory back and forth. check after every action your path with pwd command.


<< The Command Line

Overview

Files >>